Confucian Civilization

Confucian Civilization
by Ma Zhenduo et al (authors)




[Product Details]

Publication Date:


Product Dimensions:
17mm x 170mm x 230mm


[Product Description]
Confucian civilization is the product of the mature period of Chinese civilization, and Confucian thought is the leading ideology of Chinese nationality with its own extensive and profound system. This book is about the origin, development and decline of Confucian civilization, revealing the essence and core of it in different periods, evaluating objectively its influence, both positive and negative, on the social development of China or even Eastern Asia. This book offers both monographic introduction and analytical studies on Confucian civilization at several aspects such as politics, economy, education, literature and art, ethnics, customs, religion and faith, science and technology. There are a lot of books about the studies of Confucian civilization, but some of them focus on a certain period, some of them aim at an overview but end up in heaps of volumes. While this book renders concise and appropriate description and reaches nearly all the aspects of Confucian civilization. All the three authors are top experts in Confucian studies in China. They have read extensively and are well-grounded in philosophical training, and thus able to show a precise picture of Confucian civilization, revealing profoundly the essence of Confucian civilization-the most important resource of Chinese culture.


The Natural Environment of the Yellow River Valley Civilization in Ancient Times and in the Three Dynasties of Xia,Shang,and Zhou

1. Great Challenges from the Natural Environment
2. Ancient Civilization
3. Civilization of the Three Dynasties

The Decline of PatriarchalFeudal Hierarchy and RitualMusic Culture-The Emergence of Confucianism and Its Development in the Early Qin Dynasty

1. The Collapse of PatriarchalFeudal Hierarchy and the Fall of Rites and Music
2. The Formation of a ScholarOfficial Class and the Contention of a Hundred Schools of Thought
3. Confucius and the Appearance of Confucianism
4. Mencius's Contribution to the Defending and Developing of Confucianism
5. The Promotion of Confucianism by Xun Zi
6. The Conception of Heavenly Laws in "Yi Zhuan" and "The Doctrine of the Mean" and the completion of Confucianism in the Early Qin Dynasty

The Reconstruction of Chinese Civilization-The Formation of Confucianist Civilization

1. Han Feizi's"Xian Xue"-Not Taken Seriously by the Rulers
2. Burning Books and Burying Confucian Scholars Alive-A Serious Setback of Confucianism
3. Statesmen Rethink the Reason for the Downfall of the Qin Dynasty and Confucianists Reflect on Themselves
4. Respect only for Confucianism-The Shift of Confucianism towards the Political Conception of the Rulers
5. The Scholar Official Class "Confucianized"
6. Confucianism Instilled into the Masses
7. The Decisive Structural Function of Confucianism in the Reconstruction of Chinese Civilization

Confucianist Civilization in Its Earlier Stage-Civilization of the Han and Tang Dynasties

1. Confucian Classics in Modern Script and Their Influence on Chinese Scholarships
2. The Theologization and Mystification of Confucian Classics in Modern Script
3. Confucian Classics in Ancient Script and the Critique of Theological Tendency
4. The Rise of Metaphysics and the Introduction of Taoism into Confucianism
5. The Flourishing of Buddhism and Taoism,and the Confucianistic Critique of Buddhism
6. The Formation of a Culture with Confucianism as its Main Body and Buddhism and Taoism as its Wings
7. Classic Movement and the Reviving of Confucianism

Confucianist Civilization in Its Later Stage-Civilization of the Song,Yuan,Ming,and Qing Dynasties

1. The Reinforcement of Centralized Feudal Monarchy and the "Sedimentary Poorness" and "Sedimentary Weakness" of the Country
2. The Failure of PoliticalEconomical Reform and the Turn of Thought in the Later Period of the Northern Song Dynasty
3. The Heavenly Principled Three Cardinal Guides and Five Constant Virtues and the Thought of Cheng Yi and Zhu Xi
4. The Impact of Cheng and Zhu's Theory as Official Philosophy on the Confucianist Civilizition
5. The Thought of Wang Yangming and its Role in Emancipation of the Mind
6. The Incoming of Christianity and the Confucianist Tolerance of Western Science
7. Pragmatic Thinking in the Late Ming and Early Qing Dynasties

The Basic Characteristics of Confucianist Civilization
1.Materialism,Theory of Heaven and People,and the Relation between Man and Nature
2.Theory of Human Being and the Interpersonal Relationships
3."Inherent Transcendence"and the Critique and Assimilation of Religion


CHAPTER 7 Politics
1. Moderate Autocratic Monarchy
2. Centralized Feudal Monarchy and the System of Prefectures and Counties
3. Bureaucratic System and the Civil Official Politics
4. The Selection of Government Officials-Recommendation and the Imperial Examination System
5. Judicial Judgement Based on the Principles of the "Spring and Autumn" and the Confucianiza-
tion of Laws
6. The Politics of the Rule by Men
7. The Change of Dynasties and the Constancy of Principles

CHAPTER 8 Economy
1. Agrarianism and the Advanced Agricultural Civilization
2. "The Control of Private Property" and "The Limit of Private Land"
3. Landlord and Landrent Economy and Small scale Peasant Economy
4. Handicraft Industry and Trade
5. City and Its Inhabitants
6. The Seeds of Capitalism and the Struggle of City Residents against Autocratic Monarchy

CHAPTER 9 Education
1. Government's Attention to Education and Its Popularization
2. School System
3. Contents and Methods of Education
4. Purpose of Education

CHAPTER 10 Literature and Art
1. The Aesthetic Concept of the Unity of Truth,Fair and Beauty
2. Literature
3. Music
4. Painting
5. Architecture

CHAPTER 11 Ethics and Customs
1. Heavenly Principles and Conscience-the Ground for Moral Transcendence
2. The Acquired Moral Accomplishments
3. The Three Cardinal Guides and the Five Constant Virtues and Moral Norms
4. The Concept of Filial Piety to Parents and Respect to Elders and Family Ethics
5. The Conception of Being Loyal to the Sovereign and Devoted to the Country
6. To Die for a Righteous Cause and the Spirit of Integrity
7. Etiquettes and Customs

CHAPTER 12 Religious Belief
1. The Conception of Respecting Heaven and Ancestors and the System of Offering Sacrifices to Them
2. Deifying and Worshipping Unusual Figures
3. The Folk Conception that Everything Has a Soul and the Breakdown of Unstandard Sacrificial Rites
4. The Conflicts among Confucianism,Buddism and Taoism and Their Incorporation into Each Other

CHAPTER 13 Science and Technology
1. Chinese Achievements in Science and Technology before Confucianist Civilization
2. The Confucianist View of Nature and Science and Technology
3. Splendid Science and Technology for a Time in China
4. The Slowdown of the Development of Science and Technology in the Later Period of Confucianist Civilization


Confucianist Civilization Being Stagnated and Relatively Backward in Its Later Period

1. The 14th Century Renaissance in Europe
2. The Stagnation of Confucianist Civilization
3. The Reason for Its Stagnation
4. The Opium War-the Revelation of the Backwardness of Confucianist Civilization
5. The Failure of Introducing Only Western Science and Technology while Keeping Original Confucianism

CHAPTER 15 The Failure of Integrated Society
1. The Reformations of Kang Youwei and Liang Qichao-the Last Resource of Confucianist Authority
2. The Autocratic Monarchy of Hong Xian-the Abuse of Traditional Authority
3. Construction of Villages-a Failed Attempt of Modern Confucianists

CHAPTER 16 The Lost of Educational Ideals
1. The Change of Educational Ideals and the Abolishing of Imperial Examination System
2. The Fate of Traditional Academies in Modern Times

CHAPTER 17 The Fate of Confucius and Confucianists in Modern Times
1. From the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom to the May 4th Movement
2. Setback Sufferings of the Confucianist Tradition

CONCLUSION: Criticizing and Inheriting